What wood is good for solid wood furniture?

Date: 2019.08.19

Solid wood furniture can be roughly divided into two categories, one is pure solid wood furniture, that is, all the materials used for furniture are solid wood, the other is imitated wood furniture, mainly refers to furniture made from solid wood and wood-based panels. Of course, The real solid wood furniture is the first type of furniture, that is, the material is not reprocessed and does not use any wood-based panel furniture.


At present, the trees used for furniture and decoration are Fraxinus mandshurica, oak (white oak, red oak, rubber wood, pine, beech, walnut, teak, fir, camphor, elm, nanmu, etc.). What kind of wood is good for solid wood furniture? The price, service life and decoration effect of furniture of different wood species are also very different. It is necessary to identify the tree species accurately, select suitable solid wood furniture, and understand the performance characteristics of some commonly used wood.


Pine (Pinus massoniana, Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica)


Due to the increasing attention paid to environmental protection, solid wood furniture began to increase slowly, of which pine furniture accounted for a large part, especially for children's furniture, many of which were made of pine wood. There are mainly two types of wood used for pine furniture, one of which is Masson pine. One is Pinus sylvestris var.mongolica, which is dominated by Pinus sylvestris var.mongolica, and is an important raw material for artificial fiberboard in decoration. The texture of Masson pine is straight or uneven, and the structure is medium to thick. Glue performance is poor. Hold nail force is strong, relatively speaking as woodworking board is used in furniture less, the price of woodwork board is generally the same size Chinese fir integrated board or big mandrel board 3 times or so. It is widely used as the wood for medium-grade solid wood furniture, many log furniture use pine wood. The pine wood material is stronger, the texture is clearer, the wood is better, compared with the Chinese fir, the wood grain of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica will be more beautiful, and the wood scar will be less.




The largest proportion of the decorative panels is the Fraxinus mandshurica panel. The reason for the use of this panel is inseparable from its characteristics. Fraxinus mandshurica is a species of wood belonging to the genus Fraxinae, belonging to the genus Fraxinaceae, and it is mainly produced in northeast and northern China. In Russia and other places, the greatest advantage of Fraxinus mandshurica lies in its lines. The lines of Fraxinus mandshurica are beautiful and clear. For example, as decorative panels or furniture, varnish or whitening can best reflect its beautiful pattern, which is suitable for modern and simple style. And Fraxinus mandshurica panel or a lower price of a decorative panel. The disadvantage is that as solid wood furniture, deformation is greater, so if the Fraxinus mandshurica is complete Solid wood is mostly made up of small pieces of wood. Most of the furniture in the furniture store is the main frame, and the large part is made of solid wood, which is due to the large deformation and shrinkage of Fraxinus mandshurica.


Oak (white oak, red oak)


Oak is also a kind of decorative wood that everyone likes. Oak is a common name. The scientific name of true oak is oak, belonging to the family Fagaceae, Quercus acacia, red oak is called red oak, white oak is called white oak, in fact, red oak is not really red. But the wood yellow is slightly pink, the white oak is not white, but the light yellow. This makes the red oak white oak color difference is not very big. Oak is characterized by heavy hard, straight texture, coarse structure, beautiful color and elegant texture. Mechanical strength is very high, wear resistance, but wood is difficult to dry sawing and cutting, at the same time, if large areas of deformation, oak patterns are also the difference between straight and horizontal lines The straight lines are more beautiful, and the price is a little more expensive. We should pay attention to the use of oak, many of which use Southeast Asian rubber wood as oak. When buying wood and furniture, we should pay attention to it. For rubber wood, the distinguishing method is that rubber wood has a peculiar smell, is easy to eat and corrode.


lignum cinnamomi camphorae


It is characterized by its rich aroma, which can be repellent, moth-proof, mildew resistant, bactericidal. Camphor pills are made from spices extracted from camphor wood. The tree is large in diameter, wide in width, beautiful in pattern, and dense in wood from camphor. Natural beautiful texture, tough texture, not easy to break, and not easy to produce cracks, camphor wood has been the first choice of carving technology since ancient times. Camphor wood is mainly used for furniture backboard, drawer board, especially suitcase, book box, cabinet, etc., in decoration, camphor wood is mainly used in furniture backplane, drawer board, especially suitcase, book box, cabinet, etc. The camphor box of our country is famous at home and abroad. But camphor wood makes bed less, because the fragrance that camphor wood emits can affect sleep quality, make a person excited even insomnia, still may cause dizziness, all over without Symptoms such as force, nausea, vomiting, etc.




"Blockhead" is not difficult to describe people for cutting meaning. From this we can see that the performance of some words of elm elm wood, broad, gentle texture is excellent; the deformation rate is small, wood texture understanding clear, tenacity, hardness and strength is moderate, suitable for carving, planing surface smooth, beautiful chord surface pattern, "chicken wing wood" pattern, can be used for furniture, decoration and so on. Elm furniture texture rough, rustic style, elm and cost-effective.




Also known as data wood, produced in southern China, the wood material is firm, beautiful texture, can be used for building and utensils. Beech is divided into many kinds, heartwood is called "blood beech", some beech has natural beautiful large pattern, The color looks like pear wood. In ancient China, there was a saying of "Beech in the south of the north," which means that the furniture in the north is mainly made of elm and the beech in the south. Therefore, both elm and beech are good materials for making furniture in the past, which can be used as a bed and a table. Cabinet and so on. Beech can also be used as decoration panel, red beech decoration panel many people have been used.


Walnut wood


Commonly known as walnut walnut, is one of the precious wood in the world loved by the people, especially in Europe, walnut, mahogany, oak and three precious wood. The high-end European style furniture with these kinds of wood, but in our country, the status of walnut than in Europe so prominent. Walnut medium hardness to a little hard heavy, fiber fine structure and uniformity, strong toughness, especially in the anti vibration and anti wear properties, with a bending resistance, corrosion resistance of walnut trees. I made mainly walnut and walnut two, walnut wood furniture is almost unique to Shanxi furniture, although other area is also found, but The walnut trees seen in the south are generally imported, and the prices of walnut trees produced in different places vary greatly, so we should see them clearly.


Bixa orellana


The word mahogany came from the end of the Qing Dynasty, when in order to distinguish between traditional red sandalwood and yellow pear furniture, the acid-branch hardwood of dark red heartwood imported from Southeast Asia was called mahogany. In modern times, China combined the traditional materials of the Ming and Qing dynasties. Referring to the dark wood imported from abroad in common use in modern times, the mahogany standard has been reformulated. The new national standard stipulates that wood of two families, five genera, eight classes and 33 tree species is called mahogany. Some of these wood color is not all red, such as the persimmon family ebony and striped ebony wood, and so on. The reason why they are classified into mahogany, is the ensemble The wood properties, textures, usage, and social acceptance are considered.


China fir


Cunninghamia lanceolata is the cheapest wood that can be reached. It is a special fast growing commodity timber tree in China. It is characterized by fast growth, good material quality, straight texture, uniform structure, light and tough material, moderate strength, fragrant Chinese fir. The wood contains "fir brain", which can resist insects and rot, and is easy to process. Chinese fir is a kind of cork, but it has two main disadvantages. One is that Chinese fir is a fast growing wood with a maturity period of 4 to 6 years. It produces rapidly, natural woody fiber is loose, and its moisture content is high. The surface hardness is softer, external force action is easy to cause scratches, the second disadvantage is scarring many, every short distance has a black scar. Therefore, Chinese fir is generally less Used to make furniture, but to make pulp, wood boards, density boards, particleboards, keels, or internal baffles for furniture.